"We wondered if they would react differently to different human voices. Nor were the elephants tricked by the man's altered voice; when they heard it, they left at once. Amber was a young British girl on holiday … Elephants in musth often discharge a thick tar-like secretion called temporin from the temporal ducts on the sides of the head. When a comprehensive study released earlier this month showed that social bonding and enrichment activities were more important than enclosure size to elephants in North American zoos, we wondered what Professor Caitlin O’Connell would have to say about the research. They sometimes make a low rumble, and may smell for him, too, but they're already leaving, and bunching up into a defensive formation. A female elephant displays an alert reaction—with ears held open and trunk extended—at the Amboseli National Park in Kenya. Also when elephant comes of age he becomes a grown-up he gets urges just like Young adolescents children only there are … ", Elephants Know How Dangerous We Are From How We Speak, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/3/140310-elephants-amboseli-national-park-kenya-maasai-kamba-lions-science.html. Just like humans, elephants display different personalities. Temporin contains proteins, lipids (notably cholesterol), phenol and 4-methyl phenol, cresols and sesquiterpenes (notably farnesol and its derivatives). "But it's a silent retreat. Smelling the scent of a Kamba man, however, troubles them far less. Elephants are known to have killed thousands of people around the world especially in India. Elephant Communication. Elephant Abuse Charges Add Fuel to Circus Debate Elephants May "Talk" Via Vibrations South Africa Weights Killing "Excess" Elephants in Parks … What is becoming clear, however, is that the more exposure elephants have to humans, the lower their tolerance to these destructive beings. ... During the breeding season, aggressive male . Elephants Are Aggressive, but Fish Just Bite? An instinctive jumbo saves an 8-year-old from a Tsunami. In India and Africa, elephant bulls have been known to attack entire villages, killing people and destroying rural homes. Such behaviour is often preceded by a rocking motion. "The elephants' decision-making is very precise," McComb says, "and it illustrates how they've adapted where they can to coexist with us. It was first identified in an increase in aggressive acts towards human, and studies were undertaken to try and identify the cause of the behavior. In a 2001 study there were a reported 63 rhino deaths caused by elephants. They seem to be less aggressive towards humans than the African elephants. When they do give in to their frustrations, though, the incident frequently ends in the death of a human being. The elephants were simply too aggressive for this type of process and it was too dangerous for humans to take part in. The Asian elephant is one that is very domesticated in a variety of ways. The Asian elephant lives in areas with some of the highest human populations. They video-recorded the elephants' reactions to the various human voices, including a Maasai man's voice they altered to sound like a woman's. "It was just the first elephant they encountered—a young bull on the edge of a swamp.". Other threats to elephants include habitat destruction and fragmentation. Because humans fear them and regard them as pests, locals . They are also a part of various ceremonies that take place around Asia. Asian elephants are supposed to be less aggressive, and have a much better temperament than their African cousins. When an elephant killed a Maasai woman collecting firewood near Kenya's Amboseli National Park in 2007, a group of young Maasai men retaliated by spearing one of the animals. Just as humans are, elephants are extremely protective of their babies and will become aggressive if they feel that their young are threatened. In fact, exposure to people has even proved to make elephant males more violent and aggressive toward one another and other species. Presently, elephants kill up to 200 people a year in India and up to 50 in Sri Lanka. As noted, elephants have a memory that rivals almost all other creatures. Elephants retreat from a perceived threat, As soon as an elephant family heard an adult Maasai man speak, the matriarch didn't hesitate, the researchers say. Raids have forced elephant herds to split up, and the animals can grow exhausted and increasingly stressed and in turn, aggressive. All rights reserved. They can crush an individual with their trunk and they can also knock someone out with their feet. "She instantly retreats," Shannon says. The biggest cause of human-elephant conflict (HEC), however, is that elephants simply cannot live within the small fenced-off areas that we call the “protected area network”. They have been known to destroy villages as well as crops though which doesn’t make everyone in Asia a big fan of them. For this reason, most elephants that were being trained for domestic use were female. The elephants know too that walking through villages on weekends is dangerous, as is crop raiding during the full moon. Indeed, previous studies have shown that the Amboseli elephants can tell the cattle-herding, red-robed Maasai apart from their agricultural and more blandly dressed neighbors, the Kamba people, simply by scent and the color of their dress. They're equally aware of their other key predator, lions, and from their roars, know how many lions are in a pride and if a male lion (the bigger threat because he can bring down an elephant calf) is present. Out of loyalty and because of their compassionate nature, elephants will endure a fair amount of abuse before they snap. It was with these studies that they discovered that young male elephants were raping and killing rhinos. A male elephant is musth is particularly aggressive and difficult to control. When the elephants rampaged in Mysore, Keele says, they were probably just lashing out and trying to get away from perceived attacks, a sort of aggressive defensive tactic. And, their anger spent, returned home, such as those worn the... 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