n. Cylindrospermopsis. 2003; Falconer and Humpage 2006; Hawkins et al. Gender: feminine . Profile of a bloom of the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska) Seenaya and Subba Raju in the Fitzroy River in tropical central Queensland. 2012. Southwell, and J. Sinclair. Hydrobiologia 506-509:175-180. There is also accumulating evidence that cylindrospermopsin is carcinogenic (Falconer and Humpage 2001). 2008. Some rotifers and cladocerans exhibit reduced feeding rates, growth rates, or growth potential in the presence of C. raciborskii (Hawkins and Lampert 1989, Nogueira et al. Some special morphological features of Cylindrospermopsin raciborskii in batch and continuous cultures. : 203690, Data Development History and Data Quality, NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0), Go This blue-green alga produces a toxin, cylindrospermopsin, which can kill fish and cattle, and produce skin reactions, liver damage, and death in humans. Moore, D., M. O’Donohue, G. Shaw, and C. Critchley. Domain – Bacteria The Tree of Life contains three Domains: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. Potential triggers for akinete differentiation in an Australian strain of the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (AWT 205/1). 1999, Bouvy et al. Schembri, M.A., B.A. 2001, Sprober et al. Cylindrospermopsin can be absorbed by activated carbon with high mesopor capacity, and nanofiltration may be another viable option, but not enough research has been done to be conclusive about the efficacy of either technique. Shaw. College of Biological Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Both straight and coiled trichomes of this species exist in different locations around the world. It is also zwitterionic, making it highly water soluble. Quilliam, and T.A. Stewart, I., A.A. Seawright, P.J. Genetic diversity of Cylindrospermopsis strains (Cyanobacteria) isolated from four continents. Citation When referring to this Abstract, please use its Digital Object Identifier and cite NamesforLife. Runnegar, A.R.B. Strains of C. raciborskii that produce toxins can severely impact water quality both in drinking water for humans and as a result of bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms (Bernard et al. Seenaya and Subba Raju (Cyanophyceae) dominance and a contribution to the knowledge of Rio Pequeno arm, Billings Reservoir, Brazil. 2007. 2002. Environmental Toxicology 23(3): 413-421. SI):299-304. 2005). In a review about the genus Cylindrospermopsis, Komárková (1998) confirmed that C. raciborskii is a common species in freshwater plankton but in the form of straight trichomes. Saker, A.K. Oecologia 152(3): 473-484. 2002). Physical Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii blooms are often associated with a stratified water column, which is one of the reasons they are so prevalent in shallow water bodies with a long turnover period. Norton, and R.D. 2005). EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. 2001. 2007. 2005). Category: Species. Cyanobacteria, which are prokaryotes, are also called "blue-green algae", though some modern botanists restrict the term algae to eukaryotes. Taxonomic Serial No. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii. 2006, Bormans et al. Algae of Western Lake Erie. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii Accumulation and depuration of the cyanobacterial toxin cylindrospermopsin in the freshwater mussel Anodonta cygnea. Structure and dynamics of the phytoplankton community downstream and upstream Corumba reservoir, Caldas Novas, state of Goias, Brazil. to Advanced Search and Report. The accumulation of cylindrospermopsin from the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii in tissues of the redclaw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus. 1985). Rothhaupt, K.O. Saker, M.L., A.D. Thomas, and J.H. 2001, Dobberfuhl 2003, Leonarda and Paerl 2005). 1997. Saxitoxins can be absorbed by activated carbons that have a large fraction of the pores that are smaller than 1 nm (Westrick 2010). ... Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii. Acta Scientiarum Universidade Estadual de Maringa 23(2):283-290. 2006). Life. Neilan. Taft, C.E., and C.W. 1971. Such blooms also create a risk of the toxin getting into the human food market if not detected soon enough (Saker and Eaglesham 1999). Le Berre, P. Dufour, C. Bernard, and J.F. Hamilton, P.B., L.M. Cylindrospermopsin also has the potential to be genotoxic or carcinogenic in humans and to cause acute skin reactions in people on contact (Falconer and Humpage 2001; Falconer and Humpage 2006; Humpage et al. Both strains of C. raciborskii (and also Ankistrodesmus falcatus, used as the control) were given to newborn D. magna at equivalent biovolumes. 2006. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska) is a photosynthetic cyanobacterium that can produce cytotoxic (cylindrospermopsin) and neurotoxic cyanotoxins (saxitoxins). Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii had higher phenotypic plasticity than P. agardhii in terms of pigments, individual size and growth rates. Cattle mortality attributed to the toxic cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii in an outback region of North Queensland. Cylindrospermopsis in Lake Erie: Testing its association with other cyanobacterial genera and major limnological parameters. Its current geographical distribution, spanning different climates, suggests that C. raciborskiihas acquired the status of a cosmopolitan species. In the St. Johns River System, Florida, C. raciborskii appears to reduce the size and diversity of zooplankton by sequestering nutrients and making them unavailable to grazers in the water column (Leonard and Paerl 2005). The information has not received final approval by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is provided on the condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from the authorized or unauthorized use of the information. Control Biological There are no known organisms that can degrade cylindrospermopsin. Salinity effects on growth, photosynthetic parameters, and nitrogenase activity in estuarine planktonic cyanobacteria. Varied diazotrophies, morphologies, and toxicities of genetically similar isolates of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Nostocales, Cyanophyceae) from Northern Australia. Occurrence of blooms of the cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Woloszynska) Seenayya and Subba Raju in a north Queensland domestic water supply. Two morphological forms of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (Cyanobacteria) isolated from Solomon Dam, Palm Island, Queensland. 1999b. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68(5):2567-2571. Environmental Toxicology 16(2):192-195. Paerl. The name cyanobacteria comes from the color of the bacteria. Many of these are effectively unidentifiable and cannot be properly placed in synonymy. Saker, M.L., and B.A. C. raciborskii may also cause phytoplankton diversity to decrease, as has been observed in Lake Jesup, Florida (Dobberfuhl 2003) and a pond in Hungary (Borics et al. 2005). Akinetes (thick-walled spore-like structures) are cylindrical to oval-shaped, found singly or in pairs, near the terminal heterocytes (Hong et al. 2006). 2003. 2002, Saker et al. Upon germination, akinetes elongate, split open, and the germling cells that emerge eventually become trichomes (Moore et al. 2002, Saker et al. 2003. 1998. In Constance Lake, Ontario, C. raciborskii blooms appear to be controlled by water temperature and not nutrients (Hamilton et al. † Populations may not be currently present. What is EOL? It is found worldwide in surface freshwaters (de la Cruz et al., 2013). 2008. Griffiths. 1998). Toxicon 43(2):185-194. 2005). This is the first strain isolated from a shallow freshwater pond in South Korea. African Journal of Marine Science 28(2):309-312. Fabbro and G.K. Eaglesham. Hydrobiologia 537:89-97. Torokne, and G.A. Wiedner, C., J. Ruecker, R. Brueggemann, and B. Nixdorf. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii is a long thin alga with a very long name. A report of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii and other cyanobacteria in the water reservoirs of power plants in Ukraine ... With recent reports of its common occurrencein west-ern parts of Poland, in a single lake in Lithuania (Kokocinski et al. 2002, Gugger et al. Hydrobiologia 506-50:169-174. 2006). 2003. Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii is a toxic-bloom-forming cyanobacterium that is commonly found in tropical to subtropical climatic regions worldwide, but it is also recognized as a common component of cyanobacterial communities in temperate climates. Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management 5(3):195-205. Akinetes are probably necessary to stimulate a new season’s growth, providing the initial bloom with concentrated phosphorus. and H.W. 2002. 2004, Hamilton et al. The effect of Daphnia body size on filtering rate inhibition in the presence of a filamentous cyanobacterium. Beattie, S. Birmingham, M.L. Zooplankton community structure, micro-zooplankton grazing impact, and seston energy content in the St. Johns river system, Florida as influenced by the toxic cyanobacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii. Cylindrospermopsin (abbreviated to CYN, or CYL) is a cyanotoxin produced by a variety of freshwater cyanobacteria. 2002. Toxicon 52: 91-100. 2000. Note that for bacteria that are not Cyanobacteria (blue-gree algae), there are a large number of old names that have not been validated for use since the 1980 cut-off for nomenclature. Hydrobiologia 506-509:163-167. 1983, Hawkins et al. 2001. Ley, S. Dean and F.R. 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