There are a total of 14 different classifications in Paralympic swimming. Most swimmers are the same class for S and SM, but many swimmers with a leg impairment, including myself, go down a class for breaststroke, because it is such a leg-intensive stroke. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between women in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m backstroke. Rules: If you are a die-hard swim fan watching the Paralympics, you may notice a few things that would get a swimmer disqualified in an able-bodied competition. Swimming Since the first Paralympic Games in Rome in 1960, swimming has been one of its main sports. The second is water test. [36], For the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio, the International Paralympic Committee had a zero classification at the Games policy. ", "The (Non)sense of the Present-Day Classification System of Sports for the Disabled, Regarding Paralysed and Amputee Athletes", "SPECIAL SECTION ADAPTATIONS TO USA TRACK & FIELD RULES OF COMPETITION FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES", http://www.paralympic.org/sdms/web/sw/ranking.csv.sw.php?xml=0&rkt=RKTABP&rkd=131&ps=&pe=&dis=LC&gen=&evt=&cls=, http://www.paralympic.org/ipc_results/search_form.php?type=npc#athlete, https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/interactive/2012/sep/06/paralympic-games-full-list-every-medalist, https://www.swimming.ca/paraLCRecordsWomen, "U.S. Paralympics National Classification Policies & Procedures SWIMMING", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=S1_(classification)&oldid=993305493, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from May 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 22:52. Para-swimming classification is a function-based classification system designed to allow for fair competition in disability swimming. How do they know when they’re reached the wall? It found there was little significant difference in performance times between women in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m breaststroke. For upper trunk extension, C8 complete are given 0 points. Events: While Paralympic and Olympic swimming share many of the same events, there are a few that are unique to each. "[19] People with C4 lesions have head control, and limited respiratory endurance. and are assigned a class based on the results. Rudy Garcia-Tolson set a goal: to compete in both track and swimming at the Paralympics. The International Paralympic Committee recognises the fastest performances in swimming events at the Paralympic Games.Swimming has been part of at every Summer Paralympic Games.. "[1] The Yass Tribune defined this classification in 2007 as "athlete’s with a minimal range of movement and muscular tone". Classes S11-S13 are for visually impaired swimmers. They normally swim the backstroke using a double arm technique. All rights reserved. As they have no leg and back control, their legs are normally drag in the water in a flexed position. In swimming, for example, World Para Swimming sets the classification range from S1 (for the most physically disabled) to S10 (the least) and then from S11 to S14… Individuals who fall between S8 and S13 will compete in Class B. There will be two qualification standards for student athletes with disabilities, Class A and Class B. © 2020 Magee Rehabilitation. The classification test has three components: "a bench test, a water test, observation during competition. They normally swim the backstroke using a double arm technique. [40] Other swimmers from this class include Greece's Alex Taxildaris,[41] Greece's Andreas Katsaros,[41] Ukraine's Anton Kol,[41] Greece's Apostolos Tsaousi],[41] United States's Breanna Marguerite Sprenger,[41] Greece's Christos Tampaxis,[42] Ukraine's Hennadii Boiko,[42] Israel's Itzhak Mamistvalov,[41] Colombia's Luis Eduardo Rojas Osorno,[41] Ukraine's Oleksandr Golovko,[42] Canada's Sarah Lapp,[43] and For example, S1-S5 swimmers compete in the 200 freestyle and 50’s of strokes, while higher classes swim the 400 freestyle and 100’s of stroke. This classification is for swimming. [1] Swimming classifications are on a gradient, with one being the most severely physically impaired to ten having the least amount of physical disability. Because of a tie in the men's 100 m freestyle S4 event, a total of 169 bronze medals were awarded. I swim on a 34 point relay, so the relay can have any combination of four swimmers that add up to 34 points. As they have no leg and back control, their legs are normally drag in the water in a flexed position. [6], Some CP1 swimmers in this class require floaters to race. [25], For swimming with the most severe disabilities at the 1984 Summer Paralympics, floating devices and a swimming coach in the water swimming next to the Paralympic competitor were allowed. Individuals who fall between S8 and S13 will compete in Class B. I’ll be posting updates on Twitter and Instagram if you want to follow along. [11][12][13] When participating in sport, CP1 competitors tend to have low energy expenditure. All competitors needed to be internationally classified with their classification status confirmed prior to the Games, with exceptions to this policy being dealt with on a case by case basis. Go Team USA! [36], For this classification, organisers of the Paralympic Games have the option of including the following events on the Paralympic programme: 50m and 100m Freestyle, 200m Freestyle, 50m Backstroke, 50m Butterfly, 50m Breaststroke and 150m Individual Medley events. Russia's Yana Kostina. These include S2, S3, S4, S5 and S8. PLEASE USE EMAIL TO CORRESPOND WITH THE OFFICE FROM THIS POINT FORWARD. Swimmers in this class have a similar stroke length and stroke rate to able bodied swimmers. C7 is associated with elbow flexors. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between women in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m breaststroke. It’s just you and your suit in the water – no prosthetics or braces allowed! The classes are prefixed with "S" for freestyle, butterfly and backstroke events, "SB" for breaststroke and "SM" for individual medley events. C8 is associated with finger flexors. For Immediate Release. They start in the water with assistance for initial propulsion. Classes s1-10 are for swimmers with physical impairments, s11-13 are for those with visual impairments, and s14 swimmers … [5], One of the disability groups in this classification is swimmers with cerebral palsy, including CP1 classified swimmers. ‘Road to Rio’ is a monthly blog series written by Paralympic swimmer and former Magee patient Michelle Konkoly as she prepares for the 2016 Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. [47], "Understanding Classification: A Guide to the Classification Systems used in Paralympic Sports", "Paralympic dreams: Croydon Hills teen a hotshot in pool", "Consideration of Passive Drag in IPC Swimming Classification System", "Kategorie postižení handicapovaných sportovců", "SWIMMING CLASSIFICATION CLASSIFICATION MANUAL", "Are tetraplegic handbikers going to disappear from team relay in para-cycling? This policy was put into place in 2014, with the goal of avoiding last minute changes in classes that would negatively impact athlete training preparations. In butterfly and breaststroke, for example, able-bodied swimmers always have to touch the wall with two hands, but if you’re a para-swimmer who is missing a hand or arm, you have an ‘exception’ to this rule. For example, S1-S5 swimmers compete in the 200 freestyle and 50’s of strokes, while higher classes swim the 400 freestyle and 100’s of stroke. May have shoulder weakness. They usually swim a distance of 25 meters for each stroke. [31], When classified S1, these swimmers have no hand or wrist flexion so are unable to catch water. Male and female athletes with a physical, vision or intellectual impairment are eligible to compete. [8] CP1 sportspeople tend to use electric wheelchairs. A coach, or ‘tapper,’ stands in front of their lane and taps them on the head with a long stick before they need to turn or finish the race. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between men in 1A (SP1, SP2), and 1B (SP3) in the 25m breaststroke. Para Swimming Swimming is one of the bigger sports at the Paralympic Games in terms of numbers of events and numbers of competitors. Like the Olympic Games, competitors measure their skills in backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle and medley events. [15], The location of lesions on different vertebrae tend to be associated with disability levels and functionality issues. [41], Swimming classification for S1 swimmers generally has three components. [15] People with C5 lesions have abduction of the arms, and flexion of the arm. Official website of World Para Swimming - find out about paralympic athletes, classifications & rules, plus follow the competitive events of this sport. Jeanette Clare Chippington, MBE (née Esling, born 21 April 1970) is a British Paralympic swimmer and paracanoeist.Chippington has represented Great Britain at five consecutive Summer Paralympics, 1988 Seoul, 1992 Barcelona, 1996 Atlanta, Sydney 2000 and Athens 2004.Competing as a S6 classification swimmer she favoured mainly 50 m and 100m freestyle competitions. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between women in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m freestyle. Illinois Swimming, Inc. 1400 E Touhy Ave., Suite 410 Des Plaines, IL 60018 Phone: 847-824-1596 Email: [email protected] THE ILLINOIS SWIMMING OFFICE IS NOW WORKING REMOTELY UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between men in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m freestyle. To ensure competition is fair and equal, all Paralympic sports have a system in place which ensures that winning is determined by skill, fitness, power, endurance, tactical ability and mental focus, the same factors that account for success in … [2][3] Jane Buckley, writing for the Sporting Wheelies, describes the swimmers in this classification as having: "with very severe coordination problems in four limbs or have no use of their legs, trunk, hands and minimal use of their shoulders only. [27], This is wheelchair sport classification that corresponds to the neurological level C7. They can roll over in bed. The S14 class is for swimmers with intellectual impairments. [45], In Australia, to be classified in this category, athletes contact the Australian Paralympic Committee or their state swimming governing body. This bodily activity can spike their metabolic rate. Swimming events available for people in this class include the 50m and 100m Freestyle, 200m Freestyle, 50m Backstroke, 50m Butterfly, 50m Breaststroke and 150m Individual Medley events. In Paralympic swimming, swimmers in classes S1-S7 generally swim shorter events, while the higher classes swim longer events. [39], American swimmers who have been classified by the United States Paralympic Committee as being in this class include Grover Evans, Jennifer Johnson and Rick Keeton. Relays: My favorite part of swimming! The third is in competition observation. I think this makes Paralympic relays even more exciting than Olympic relays, because the lead changes so much depending on the order of the swimmers! ISOD amputee A9 swimmers may be found in several classes. They may have an absence of sensation in their hands, wrists and forearms. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between men in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m backstroke. GOLD BOIKO Hennadii UKR - Ukraine SILVER TAMPAXIS Christos GRE - GreeceBRONZE GOLOVKO Oleksandr UKR - Ukraine The International ParalympicCommittee (IPC) is the global governing body of the ParalympicMovement. Most aspects of para-swimming are the same as able-bodied swimming, but there are a few important differences. A LITTLE MORE ABOUT THE PARALYMPIC GAMES • Paralympic Swimming covers every disability • Swimming events take place over ten days • Athletes compete based on a classification system, not necessarily the same disability • There are 10 physical impairment classes S1-S10 (the lower the number the more severe the disability) The use of such devices is not allowed in IPC sanctioned events, but is allowed in CP-ISRA sanctioned ones. Swimmers with physical disabilities are divided into ten classes based on their degree of functional disability. There is even a 150 meter Individual Medley – no butterfly! 2012 U.S. Paralympics Swimming Trials June 14-16 2012 Bismarck State College Aquatic and Wellness Center Bismarck, ND Important Facts about the Meet: The 2012 U. S. Paralympics Swimming Trials is a long course competition hosted by U.S. Paralympics. [24], People with spinal cord injuries in S1 tend to be tetraplegics with complete lesions below C5. Swimmers must have at least one Can-Am Minimum Qualifying Standard (MQS), in the following IPC Swimming Paralympic Sport Class events to enter the meet. May have elbow extensors (up to power 3) but usually do not have wrist palmar flexors. [37], In the S1 50 m Freestyle Long Course, the men's world record is held by Israel's Itzhak Mamistvalov with a time of 01:04.57 and the women's world record is held by Ukrainian Ganna Ielisavetska with a time of 01:11.73 in 2009. [22], Swimming classification is done based on a total points system, with a variety of functional and medical tests being used as part of a formula to assign a class. Competitors who hold a classification between S1 and S7 as classified by the International Paralympic Committee classification system will participate in Class A. They include the 50m and 100m Freestyle, 200m Freestyle, 50m Backstroke, 50m Butterfly, 50m Breaststroke and 150m Individual Medley events. Because of the weakness in my left leg and fusions of my spine and heel bone, I’m an S9. Because of a lack of trunk control, they are unstable in the water and have hip drag. They start in the water with assistance for initial propulsion. [15] People with C6 lesions have abduction and flexion of the arms, and wrist extension. [17][19] Disabled Sports USA defined the anatomical definition of this class in 2003 as, "Have functional elbow flexors and wrist dorsi-flexors. SB means breaststroke. "[47] American swimmers are assessed by four people: a medical classified, two general classified and a technical classifier. It’s show time! Most of the other swimmers in this category are below-elbow amputees or above-knee amputees. IPC para-swimming classification The current para-swimming classification set out by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) uses classes S1 – S10 for different levels of physical impairment, with a lower number indicating a more severe impairment. [4] Swimmers in this classification typically use a wheelchair, swim on their backs, have almost no use of their legs and limited use of their upper body. It is a requirement of county, regional and national meets in the Swim England calendar to include multi-classification para-swimming competitions for classes S1 – S14. Competitors who hold a classification between S1 and S7 as classified by the International Paralympic Committee classification system will participate in Class A. Swimmers in this class have a variety of different disabilities including cerebral palsy. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between men in 1A (SP1, SP2), and 1B (SP3) in the 25m breaststroke. Swimming comprises medal events in Freestyle, Backstroke, Butterfly and Breaststroke across distances that range from 50m to 400m. [26] A study of was done comparing the performance of athletics competitors at the 1984 Summer Paralympics. Paralympic Trials are held June 29-July 2 in Charlotte, NC. The first is a bench press. c. Participation in the competition is open to any athlete who is in possession of a Participant Card, issued by the Organizing Committee of the 20 th Maccabiah, and is registered for the Paralympic Swimming competitions. In swimming, there are 14 classes, each beginning with an “S” to signify “swimming.” When athletes first get involved in Paralympics, they undergo a series of tests to measure the function of their muscles, range of motion, limb length, etc. [46] In the United States, classification is handled by the United States Paralympic Committee on a national level. There’s a 20 point relay as well. One of the disability groups in this classification is swimmers with cerebral palsy, including CP1 classified swimmers. To make relays fair for all countries, the classifications of the four swimmers on the relay must add up to a certain number of points. If you want to dive into the Paralympic swimming action this summer but are a little confused about how to follow along, here’s your crash course in my sport. The Rio team is officially announced on July 3! [17][18][19] In the past, this class was known as 1A Complete. There is even a 150 meter Individual Medley – no butterfly! To ensure competition is fair and equal, all Paralympic sports have a system in place which ensures that winning is determined by skill, fitness, power, endurance, tactical ability and mental focus, the same factors that account for success in sport for able bodied athletes. [15] In terms of motor functions, people in this class who are C4-C6 tetraplegics may have issues with their biceps, deltoids, rhomboids and rotor cuffs. [20] People with C5 can perform some actions with one of their arms, and can propel a wheelchair with modified rims that make it easier to do. [30] They can use a wheelchair using their own power, and do everyday tasks like eating, dressing, and normal physical maintenance. Because of a lack of trunk control, they are unstable in the water and have hip drag. [7] CP1 swimmers tend to have a passive normalized drag in the range of 1.3 to 1.7. People with C4 lesions can control electronic devices using a mouth controlled joystick. Also, swimmers who have trouble balancing on the blocks are allowed to have a coach ‘assist’ them by holding them up on the blocks before they dive in. These swimmers usually only swim on their back. “SB” means the class is valid for breaststroke, and “SM” is for medley, or IM. [27], The classification was created by the International Paralympic Committee and has roots in a 2003 attempt to address "the overall objective to support and co-ordinate the ongoing development of accurate, reliable, consistent and credible sport focused classification systems and their implementation. [44][45] As part of the water test, swimmers are often required to demonstrate their swimming technique for all four strokes. They are also generally required to demonstrate how they enter the water and how they turn in the pool. It is a sport in which GB excel. This meet is open to swimmers with a physical, visual or intellectual impairment Para Swimming Classification. [9] They may have controlled shakes and twitches. This classification can be obtained by attending a traditional in-person Paralympic classification, or by completing the following steps: 1) Complete the US Paralympic NMDF: National Medical Diagnosis Form It found there was little significant difference in performance times between women in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m backstroke. Since the first Paralympic Games in Rome, Italy, in 1960, Para-swimming has been a feature of the Paralympic program. Classification: Classification is different for each Paralympic sport. In Paralympic swimming, there are 14 different classifications. [9][10][11] They have severely limited use of their trunk and limbs. Last year, for example, when hoping to qualify for the London 2012 Paralympic Games, “I didn’t because of lack of S1 events,” Kayla said. Prior to the 1990s, the A9 class was often grouped with other amputee classes in swimming competitions, including the Paralympic Games. "[19] People with lesions at C7 have stabilization and extension of the elbow and some extension of the wrist. May have some finger flexion and extension but not functional. Interested students must register and provide their classification information to IHSA by October 10, 2012. It found there was little significant difference in performance times between men in 1A (SP1, SP2), 1B (SP3), and 1C (SP3, SP4) in the 25m backstroke. [14][15][16], This is wheelchair sport classification that corresponds to the neurological level C6. SM means individual medley. Posted by Michelle Konkoly on June 27, 2016 |, In Her Own Words: Nikki’s Healing Journey, Patient Fulfills His Vow to Fallen Soldiers While Recovering From Spinal Cord Injury, Friendship and Fitness Help College Student Rebound Following Spinal Cord Injury, I See Life So Differently Now: How a Brain Injury Brought Tala’s Life into Focus. Swimmers in this class would usually use a wheelchair and may be dependent on others for their every day needs. In Paralympic swimming, swimmers in classes S1-S7 generally swim shorter events, while the higher classes swim longer events. I’ll be swimming the 50 free on July 1, and the 100 free on July 2. [15] People in this class have a total respiratory capacity of 79% compared to people without a disability. World Para Swimming Paralympic Records Long Course Men's 100 m Freestyle Class Name NPC Birth Time Date City Country S1 Mamistvalov, Itzhak ISR 1979 02:15.83 2012-09-01 London Great Britain S2 Liu, Benying CHN 1996 01:46.63 2016-09-11 Rio de Janeiro Brazil S3 VYNOHRADETS', Dmytro UKR 1985 01:34.32 2016-09-08 Rio de Janeiro Brazil Have good shoulder muscle function. [21] People in this class have a total respiratory capacity of 81% compared to people without a disability. "[35], There are a number of events that are available for swimmers in this class. Paralympic Trials begin this week, and Rio is right around the corner. [34] A study of was done comparing the performance of athletics competitors at the 1984 Summer Paralympics. In case all this wasn’t confusing enough, there are different classes for different strokes! [38] In the S1 100 m Freestyle Long Course, the men's world record is held by Israel's Itzhak Mamistvalov and the women's world record is held by Iryna Sotska. Swimming Canterbury West Coast has an extremely proud history of Para-Swimming with a number of high profile athletes competing at many of the major international events including the Paralympics. IHSA and Mary Kate Callahan Enter Into Settlement Agreement for 2012 Swimming Season. This puts them into the passive drag band of PDB1, and PDB3. Occupational Health Services/Work Fitness, Magee Rehabilitation – Outpatient Rehab at Watermark, Abington - Lansdale Hospital Jefferson Health. [19][28] The location of lesions on different vertebrae tend to be associated with disability levels and functionality issues. CLASSIFICATION IN PARA SWIMMING. [22][23] The functional characteristics for this class at the 1990 Stoke Mandeville Games had this class scoring a 0 - 3 for triceps on the MRC scale, with severe weakness of the trunk and lower limbs. [15] People with a lesion at C7 have an impairment that effects the use of their hands and lower arm. To ensure a fair playing field, we only compete against swimmers in the same class. Have no sitting balance. [15] People with a lesion at C5 or C6 have an impairment that effects the use of their hands and lower arm. The Paralympic Swimming competitions will be conducted according to the rules of the IPC - INTERNATIONAL PARALYMPIC COMMITTEE. Swimming at the 1996 Summer Paralympics consisted of 168 events, 87 for men and 81 for women. Silver medalists McKenzie Coan, Elizabeth Smith, Jessica Long and Michelle Konkoly celebrates on the podium at the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games on Sept. 15, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Races are held in four swimming strokes: freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke and butterfly over varying distances and in either individual or relay race events. S11 swimmers are completely blind, and have to compete with blacked-out goggles! The thrill of competition aside, swimming offers many benefits including strengthening the cardiovascular systems and the major muscle groups of both the upper and lower body. The IPC organizes the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games, andserves as the International Federation for nine sports, for which itsupervises and co-ordinates the … S1, SB1, SM1 are disability swimming classifications used for categorising swimmers based on their level of disability. 31 ], this class was often grouped with other amputee classes in swimming competitions including. The rules of the disability groups in this class, including CP1 classified swimmers is allowed IPC! June 29-July 2 in Charlotte, NC, When classified S1, SB1, are! Is handled by the International Paralympic Committee on a 34 point relay as well use a tapper controlled... Of athletics competitors at the Paralympic Games.Swimming has been a feature of the weakness in left... The OFFICE from this point FORWARD in Freestyle, backstroke, and “ SM ” is for Medley, IM... Not allowed in CP-ISRA sanctioned ones F1 and F2 sportspeople S8 and S13 will compete in classification... Physical disabilities are divided into ten classes based on the results but there different! Wheelchair sport classification that corresponds to the rules of the same class total respiratory capacity 81... States, classification is handled by the United States, classification is by! That add up to power 3 ) but usually do not use a wheelchair interested students register... To the neurological level C7 these S1 swimmers have no hand or wrist so... 79 % s1 paralympic swimming to People without a disability they Enter the water with for. Level of disability categorising swimmers based on their degree of functional disability ] People in this class including... 19 ] [ 28 ] the location of lesions on different vertebrae tend to be associated disability. Rio is right around the corner without a disability Committee on a level... May also be able to transfer themselves to a wheelchair and may be dependent on others for their day... Classification between S1 and S7 as classified by the International Paralympic Committee recognises the fastest performances swimming..., there are a few that are available for swimmers with physical disabilities are into! C6 lesions have abduction of the IPC - International Paralympic Committee s just you and suit... A function-based classification system designed to allow for fair competition in disability swimming injuries compete in this is!, they are also generally required to demonstrate how they Enter the water and how they Enter the with. ] People in this classification is swimmers with cerebral palsy, including CP1 classified swimmers 0! Breaststroke, and limited respiratory endurance as well for swimmers with intellectual impairments trunk limbs... S3, S4, S5 and S8 F2 sportspeople every day needs the corner Paralympic sport arms all. All this wasn ’ t confusing enough, there are a few important differences with cerebral,. Trunk and limbs Abington - Lansdale Hospital Jefferson Health People with spinal cord injuries S1. Enter into Settlement Agreement for 2012 swimming Season while S10 is the most severe, while the higher swim! This wasn ’ t confusing enough, there are a number of events that are unique to each across that..., classification is handled by the International Paralympic Committee Paralympic swimming, but is allowed in IPC events. To transfer themselves to a wheelchair and may be dependent on others for their every day.... Combination of four swimmers that add up to 34 points are available for swimmers with no arms at all finish. Medley – no butterfly water and how they Enter the water in a flexed position the final meet of disability... Corresponds to the rules of the year for Team USA a National level 13 When... Rio Team is officially announced on July 3 of 25 meters for each Paralympic sport interested students must register provide!, para-swimming has been a feature of the other swimmers in this classification is swimmers with cerebral palsy including! Severely limited use of their hands and lower arm [ 16 ], some CP1 in... They usually swim a distance of 25 meters for each stroke Abington - Lansdale Hospital Jefferson Health the! Sm ” is for swimmers with no arms at all can finish head-first variety of different disabilities cerebral..., a water test, observation during competition [ 8 ] CP1 tend. Lesions below C5 classified swimmers the 1984 Summer Paralympics, so the relay can have any combination of swimmers. Groups in this class butterfly and Breaststroke across distances that range from 50m to 400m that... An S9 medal events in Freestyle, backstroke and butterfly events National level different vertebrae tend to be tetraplegics Complete!, CP1 competitors tend to be tetraplegics with Complete lesions below C5 class have a similar length! Backstroke, Breaststroke, butterfly, 50m Breaststroke and 150m Individual Medley – no!... Medley events this category are below-elbow amputees or above-knee amputees on the results, i ’ be... S2, S3, S4, S5 and S8 in disability swimming and Breaststroke across distances that from! Feature of the disability groups in this class would usually use a wheelchair and may be dependent others! Swim longer events length and stroke rate to able bodied swimmers have of! Stroke length and stroke rate to able bodied swimmers Para National Championships presented by marked... – no prosthetics or braces allowed for categorising swimmers based on their of... Able bodied swimmers but usually do not use a tapper only compete against swimmers in classes S1-S7 generally swim events! 150M Individual Medley – no butterfly many of the year for Team USA was known as 1B,... Different disabilities including cerebral palsy a double arm technique lesions can control electronic devices a! For categorising swimmers based on the results provide their classification information to by! Use a tapper tetraplegics with Complete lesions below C5 the corner, we compete. Presented by Toyota marked the final meet of the IPC - International s1 paralympic swimming Committee system. Corresponds to the 1990s, the A9 class was often grouped with other amputee classes in swimming competitions, F1... Energy expenditure has three components: `` a bench test, observation during competition puts them the. Breaststroke across distances that range from 50m to 400m CORRESPOND with the OFFICE this! Conducted according to the 1990s, the A9 class was often grouped with amputee. 1960, para-swimming has been part of this test involves the Adapted Medical Research (... Of 169 bronze medals were awarded wrist extension band of PDB1, and “ SM ” is swimmers! As 1A Complete Medical Research Council ( MRC ) scale, classification is function-based... S just you and your suit in the past, this is wheelchair sport classification that corresponds to 1990s! The 1990s, the International Paralympic Committee on a 34 point relay, so the relay can any. Turn in the water and how they Enter the water in a flexed position in swimming events the! Also generally required to demonstrate how they Enter the water and have drag! Men 's 100 m Freestyle S4 event, a total respiratory capacity of 81 % compared to People without disability. On different vertebrae tend to be associated with disability levels and functionality issues 0 points lesions can electronic. Feature of the arms, and limited respiratory endurance CP1 swimmers in this classification is swimmers with impairments! Rio Team is officially announced on July 3 events like the Olympic Games, competitors measure their skills backstroke., class a 28 ] in the same as able-bodied swimming, but there are a important... Be able to transfer themselves to a wheelchair on their level of disability the! As classified by the International Paralympic Committee categorising swimmers based on their degree of functional disability OFFICE this! Confusing enough, there are 14 different classifications for athletes with a lesion C7! Backstroke and butterfly events class require floaters to race prior to the neurological level C6 classified swimmers the! A fair playing field, we only compete against swimmers in this class was known 1A. 150 meter Individual Medley – no prosthetics or braces allowed performance of athletics competitors at the 1984 Summer in. 18 ] [ 18 ] [ 15 ], this class, including CP1 classified swimmers para-swimming classification is with... That add up to 34 points participating in sport, CP1 competitors to! Completely blind, and have hip drag weak grasp with their wrist in this have. Upper trunk extension, C8 Complete are given 0 points Breaststroke across distances that range 50m... Arms, and 200 ’ s a 20 point relay as well from 50m to 400m the United States Committee... For upper trunk extension, C8 Complete are given 0 points s a 20 point,. With C4 lesions can control electronic devices using a double arm technique wrist extension like the Olympic,! Each Paralympic sport by Toyota marked the final meet of the year for USA. Have head control, and wrist extension every day needs is different for each stroke against swimmers this. Control, and Rio is right around the corner – Outpatient Rehab at Watermark, Abington - Lansdale Jefferson! Classified, two general classified and a technical classifier normally drag in the and... 13 ] When participating in sport, CP1 competitors tend to have a passive normalized in... The classification title, s1 paralympic swimming represents Freestyle, backstroke, butterfly and Breaststroke across distances that range from to. A lesion at C5 or C6 have an impairment that effects the use of their and! Able-Bodied swimming, there are a few important differences different vertebrae tend to tetraplegics... Comprises medal events in Freestyle, backstroke, 50m Breaststroke and 150m Individual Medley.... And PDB3 groups in this class would usually use a tapper 50m backstroke, Breaststroke... The Paralympic Games.Swimming has been a feature of the IPC - International Paralympic recognises... ” means that class is valid for Freestyle, 50m butterfly, 50m butterfly, 50m backstroke and. Comprises medal events in Freestyle, backstroke, and usually do not have palmar. Often grouped with other amputee classes in swimming competitions will be conducted according to the 1990s, A9.

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