Helmets are not required for e-bike use, and there is no age minimum to operate an electric bicycle. That’s where this guide comes in handy. Wiscons in bicycling laws: Legal definitions: (numbers in brackets refer to state statutes) Bicycle [340.01(5)] Applicable sections from Wisconsin statutes: Rights of a bicycle riding upon a roadway [346.02(4)(a)] Pedestrians and bicycles prohibited from interstates, expressways and controlled access highways [346.16(2)] Stat. Florida State Electric Bike Laws How does Florida define what an electric bike is? However, 25 states do not have helmet requirements for any class of e-bike. Twenty-two states and D.C. have helmet laws that apply to all bicyclists, including e-bike riders, under a certain age, ranging from under 12 to 18 years of age. Assuming the continued robust growth of the e-bike industry, state legislatures will likely continue to grapple with defining e-bikes, clarifying operation, safety and equipment standards and further distinguishing from motorized vehicles such as mopeds and scooters. This complete go-to guide breaks down electric bicycle regulations by state so you’re ready to hit the road with peace of mind. Arkansas requires operators and passengers of a class three e-bike under age 21 to wear protective headgear. Code §§ 63-3-103, 63-7-51(2). Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. 47 § 11-1209; tit. For example, Idaho’s law specifically states mopeds and motorcycles are not e-bikes and explicitly exempts e-bike operators from licensure, registration and titling requirements. Any person operating a bicycle, electric personal assistive mobility device, electric power-assisted bicycle, motorized skateboard or scooter, or moped on a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place under conditions then existing shall ride as close as safely practicable to the right curb or edge of the roadway, except under any of the following circumstances: You consent to the use of cookies if you use this website. : Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 28 mph. In Delaware, Iowa and Nebraska, electric bicycles are defined within the existing definition of a bicycle, therefore there is not a distinction when it comes to operation on trails. Stat. Rev. There are some access restrictions for Class 3 e-bike riders. E-bikes are permitted on any street, highway, parking lot, sidewalk, or other area that is open to public motor vehicle traffic. E-bikes are most frequently “pedal-assist” or “muscle-assist,” meaning the rider must be pedaling for the electric motor to engage. States with a three-tiered classification system typically exempt an e-bike from registration, licensure and insurance requirements to differentiate between e-bikes and other motorized vehicles such as mopeds and scooters. Helmets must be worn by riders, and there is a 14-year age minimum for electric bicycle use. E-bikes may have two or three wheels and must have fully operable pedals. For more information on Pennsylvania’s electric bike laws, click here: Senate Bill 997; 75 Pa. Cons. The state of North Carolina defines an e-bike as an “electric assisted bicycle.” To be placed in this category, the motor must be under 1000w, have a maximum speed of 20 mph, and have pedals that can be operated by human power. Code §§ 63-3-103, 63-7-51(2), For more information on Missouri electric bike laws, click here: Mo Rev. Sixteen years is the minimum age to ride a moped in the UK but this was reduced to 14 years for electric bikes taking into account their lower levels of … 601 § 14:020(1)(a), For more information on Louisiana’s electric bike laws, click here: La. In West Virginia, the law provides for “class one” and “class three” e-bikes, but not the “class two” classification e-bike that can be propelled solely by a motor up to 20 MPH. 29-A §101-1(22-B), 29-A §2063 (14), For more information on Maryland’s electric bike laws, click here: Md. Riders of electric bicycles are not required to meet registration and operator’s license guidelines. Stat. §§ 300.010(17), 300.347, 301.010(36), 307.180, 307.195. Revising older state laws that classify e-bikes as mopeds and scooters and may include burdensome licensure, registration or equipment requirements. For more information on Michigan’s electric bike laws, click here: Mich. Comp. The state of Montana defines an electric bicycle as an “electric assisted bicycle.” To be placed in this category, the motor must have a maximum speed of 20 mph. Therefore, e-bikes do not have to meet the licensing and registration requirements that apply to mopeds. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. This guide is meant to present information that is general in nature. All e-bike riders are required to wear helmets. Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles must adhere to the same rules of the road. MGL c.89 § 2 Rules for car passing bicycle MGL c.90 § 1B-1E Motorized bicycles (including ebikes) : operating regulations, complying with federal safety standards, and registration sticker. Helmet Law. Helmets are required for electric bike riders 16 years of age or younger. For more information on Georgia’s electric bike laws, click here: Ga. Code § 12-13-114 40-1-1, 40-6-294, 40-6-300, 40-6-301, 40-6-302, 40-6-303, 40-6-351, 40-6-352. Since e-bikes are categorized as mopeds, they are subject to meeting the same licensing and insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles. Trans. At the federal level, a 2002 law enacted by Congress, HB 727, amended the Consumer Product Safety Commission definition of e-bikes. Class 3: Bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the e-bike reaches 28 mph. The state of Massachusetts defines an electric bicycle as a “motorized bicycle” as long as it reaches a maximum speed of 30 mph. Anyone under the age of 16 may ride a Class 3 e-bike as a passenger only. Helmets are not required to operate an electric bike. Ann. The state of Vermont categorizes e-bikes as “motor-assisted bicycles.” Under Vermont law, electric bicycles are subject to the same laws as traditional bicycles. MARYLAND BICYCLE LAWS. SOUTH CAROLINA BICYCLE LAWS—ARTICLE 27. The state defines three classes of e-bikes. 1, C.D. E-bikes are not required to meet the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that standard motor vehicles are subject to. § 42-1-102 (28.5); § 42-4-1412; § 42-4-111, For more information on Connecticut’s electric bike laws, click here: Public Act 18 – 165 (HB 5313, 2018 Session), For more information on Delaware’s electric bike laws, click here: Del. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. E-bike … Laws §§ 257.32b, 257.216, 257.312a, 257.801e, 750.419, For more information on Minnesota’s electric bike laws, click here: Minn. Stat. tit. In Colorado, electric bicycles are regulated in the same way as traditional bicycles. 31-5-109, W.S. § 801.258; § 814.405; § 814.410; § 807.020. E-bikes are not permitted on sidewalks or bike paths. For more information on Vermont’s electric bike laws, click here: Vt. Stat. Electric bicycles are regulated the same as traditional bicycles. E-bikes are allowed on both sidewalks and bike paths; however, local regulations may require that the motor be disengaged. In Illinois, an electric bicycle is defined as a “low-speed electric bicycle.” Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. E-scooters must follow all the laws that apply to bicycles. Both Class 1 and 2 e-bikes are allowed on bicycle paths. You can ride an electric bike if you’re 14 or over, as long as it meets certain requirements. The state of Pennsylvania defines an electric bicycle as a “pedalcycle with electric assist.” An electric bike qualifies under this category if the motor is under 750w, if the e-bike has a maximum speed of 20 mph on a level surface when powered solely by the motor, if the bike weighs no more than 100 pounds, and if it features operable pedals. Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles must adhere to the same rules of the road. Age restrictions vary in Canada. § 39:1-1, P.L.1951; c.23, Title 39. E-bikes are permitted on both sidewalks and bike paths. Both e-bikes and traditional bikes must follow the same rules of the road. How E-Bikes Are Regulated. Riders and passengers of Class 3 e-bikes must wear helmets. Gen. Nos. Laws §§ 257.32b, 257.216, 257.312a, 257.801e, 750.419. The state of Minnesota defines an electric bicycle as an “electric assisted bicycle.” To be placed in this category, the motor must be under 1000w, have a maximum speed of 20 mph, and have pedals that can be operated by human power. E-Bikes now will be allowed if: they include operable pedals, speed limit of 20 mph under power, motor rated at no more than 750 watts (1 hp), no more than 3 wheels, weight not more than 100 pounds, and not to be operated by persons under 16 years old. The state of Oregon defines an e-bike as an “electric assisted bicycle.” To be placed in this category, the motor must be under 1000w, have a maximum speed of 20 mph, and have pedals that can be operated by human power. Illinois’ law allows local authorities to regulate the operation of bicycles, low-speed electric bicycles, low-speed gas bicycles and also require registration and licensing of the same, as well as requiring a registration fee. E-bikes have even been embraced by the nation’s rapidly expanding bike-share systems. Op. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. People for Bikes, a foundation and advocacy group promoting the safety, accessibility, and general fun of bike riding, created a useful resource for e-bike riders. Individuals 16 years of age or younger are not allowed to ride a Class 3 e-bike. §259:6, 259:27, 265:144-a, For more information on New Jersey’s electric bike laws, click here: N.J. Rev. As vulnerable road users, bicyclists should be aware of South Carolina bicycle laws. Class 1 and Class 2 e-bikes can be operated on bike paths. In other words, the manufacturing and first sale of an e-bike is regulated by the federal government, but its operation on streets and bikeways lies within a state’s control. By law, e-bikes are considered bicycles for vehicle registration purposes. However, there is a minimum age requirement of 16 to operate an e-bike. 90-1B through 90-1D, For more information on Michigan’s electric bike laws, click here: Mich. Comp. These devices must still register with the state Motor Vehicle Commission and riders must also be at least 15, have a valid license, insurance and wear a helmet. federally from a product safety standpoint. For more information on Connecticut’s electric bike laws, click here: Public Act 18 – 165 (HB 5313, 2018 Session). E-bikes with a motor under 1000w and that feature operable pedals are classified as “electric power assisted bicycles.” Under Virginia law, electric bicycle riders are not allowed to travel faster than 25 mph. E-bikes are not permitted on sidewalks. However someone under 14 can ride an e-bike off-road. For more information on Illinois’ electric bike laws, click here: Illinois Code § 625 ILCS 5/1-140.10; 625 ILCS 5/11-208; 625 ILCS 5/11-1517. 21 § 41, For more information on Florida’s electric bike laws, click here: Fla. Stat. E-bikes are not permitted on sidewalks. An e-bike is a bicycle with a small electric motor of not more than 750 watts (one horsepower) which assists in the operation of the bicycle and reduces the physical exertion demands on the rider. There is a minimum age of 15 to operate an e-bike. Helmets are not required for electric bicycle use, but there is a minimum age of 14 for e-bike riders. For more information on Wisconsin’s electric bike laws, click here: The state of Wyoming defines an e-bike as an “electric bicycle.” Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles must adhere to the same rules of the road. Reach out to your local authority or state agency for further clarification. §§ 32:1(41), 32:401(19), 32:198, 32:190, 32:203; 47:501. Both Class 1 and Class 2 e-bikes are permitted on bicycle or multi-use paths. Code §§ 19-176, 19-176.2, 20-762; Rules of the City of New York, Title 34, Chapter 4, Sections 4-01(b), 4-12(p)(5). Electric bike laws vary depending on the state you’re located in, and because e-bikes are motor-assisted cycles, most states have some sort of regulations on them. For more information on Colorado’s electric bike laws, click here: Colo. Rev. All these states have different laws regarding the operation of electric bicycles. 21 § 1-101(2); tit. General Operation. Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles must adhere to the same rules of the road. There is no specific classification for electric bikes under current South Carolina traffic laws. Local governments have the power to impose restrictions on the use of electric bicycles. The state of Iowa defines an electric bicycle as a “bicycle.” As long as the motor is under 750w, has a maximum speed of 20 mph, and has operable pedals, the electric bicycle falls into the bicycle category. Electric bicycle riders are not required to wear a helmet. Both class 1 and class 2 electric bicycles are regulated the same as traditional bicycles. Class 3 e-bikes are not allowed on a bicycle or multi-use path unless located adjacent to a highway or roadway, or approved by the local authority or state agency with jurisdiction. For more information on Kansas’ electric bike laws, click here: In the state of Kentucky, an electric bicycle is considered a “bicycle” if it has operable pedals and can be operated using a combination of both human and motor power. Law §§ 102, 123; N.Y. City Admin. All three classes of e-bikes are allowed on bike paths. Class 3 e-bikes are prohibited from being ridden on bicycle paths unless they are adjacent to a highway or right-of-way, or they are specifically allowed by the local authority or the state agency that holds jurisdiction. Please refer to your local state, city, and county laws and regulations for further information. In New York, an electric bicycle is considered a “motor-driven cycle” and is subject to the same rules as traditional motor vehicles. Bicycle Safety and Pennsylvania Laws. In all eight provinces, e-bikes are limited to 500 W output, and cannot travel faster than 32 km/h (20 mph) on motor power alone on level ground. In Texas, electric bicycles are regulated in the same way as traditional bicycles. Code §§ 27-20-101, 27-20-106, For more information on California’s electric bike laws, click here: Cal. Significantly, federal law only specifies the maximum speed that the e-bike can travel under motor power alone. Overall, at least six states—Alabama, Alaska, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Mexico and  North Dakota—require a license to operate an e-bike, typically because they still fall under the designation of another motorized vehicle classification with licensure and registration requirements and have not had a distinct e-bike law created. However, Class 3 electric bikes are not permitted on bicycle trails, paths, or multi-use trails or paths. E-bikes are not subject to the registration, licensing, or insurance requirements that apply to motor vehicles. Atty. Any device outside of these definitions is not considered a low-speed electric bicycle that would be regulated as a bicycle. 31-5-901, Va. Code §§ 17A-1-1(c), 17B-1-1, 17C-1-5a, 17C-15-23, 17C-15-44, Studs, Mounts, and Chains: Why You Can’t Keep Your Engine Mounted, and How to Fix It, You Don’t Want to Build a Motorized Chopper Bike… Until Now, Top 5 Health Benefits of Riding Electric Bicycles, Motorized Bike Laws: A State by State Breakdown, The Best 2-Stroke Motorized Bicycle Upgrades, Top 5 Electric Bike Conversion Kits for Your Bicycle, Best Motorized Bike Accessories for Riding at Night, The Best Electrical Upgrades for Your 2-Stroke Motorized Bicycle, How to Improve Your Motorized Bike’s Gas Mileage. From helmet and motor requirements to licensing and insurance, we’ll walk you through the can’s and can’t’s around e-bikes where you live. Low-speed e-bikes are as safe and sturdy as traditional bicycles and move at speeds similar to conventional bikes. Seventy-two percent of those trips are currently made by cars and fewer than 2 percent by bicycle. 31-5-707, W.S. According to a 2018 bicycle industry analysis, e-bikes sales increased 83 percent between May of 2017 and May of 2018, and e-bikes made up 10 percent of overall bikes sales in the U.S. for that time period. Thus, many states still have their own laws that categorize e-bikes with mopeds and other motorized vehicles, require licensure and registration, or do not enable them to be used on facilities such as bike lanes or multi-purpose trails. Class 3 electric bicycles cannot be operated on trails, bicycle paths, or multipurpose path unless it is within or located adjacent to a highway or roadway, or they are specifically allowed by the local authority or state agency with jurisdiction. A helmet is required while operating an electric bicycle. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. 28-10124, 28-10140, 28-819, 28-256C2. Stat. § 801.258; § 814.405; § 814.410; § 807.020, For more information on Pennsylvania’s electric bike laws, click here: Senate Bill 997; 75 Pa. Cons. (a) A person operating a bicycle shall ride only on or astride a permanent and regular seat attached to the bicycle. NO. 23 § 4 (45)(B); tit. When you're commuting on your bike, you're likely to share the road with cars. & Traf. Helmets are required for all Class 3 electric bicycle riders under the age of 21. Code Trans. Washington, D.C. 20001 Gen. Laws ch. §259:6, 259:27, 265:144-a, In New Jersey, an e-bike is defined as a “low-speed electric bicycle.”. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. For more information on New York’s electric bike laws, click here: N.Y. Veh. For more information on Texas’ electric bike laws, click here: Tex. Helmets are not required, and there is no minimum age required to operate an electric bicycle. Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, Tennessee and D.C. require riders under age 16 to wear a helmet. ), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a motor while ridden by an operator who weighs 170 pounds, is less than 20 mph.” The federal law permits e-bikes to be powered b… Both electric bicycles and traditional bicycles must adhere to the same rules of the road. Stat. For more information on Virginia’s electric bike laws, click here: Va. Code § 46.2-100; § 46.2-903; § 46.2-908.1; § 46.2-906.1. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission regulates e-bikes. §§ 322.01, 316.003, For more information on Georgia’s electric bike laws, click here: Ga. Code § 12-13-114 40-1-1, 40-6-294, 40-6-300, 40-6-301, 40-6-302, 40-6-303, 40-6-351, 40-6-352, For more information on Hawaii’s electric bike laws, click here: State of Hawaii, Thirtieth Legislature, 2019: H.B. Class 3 e-bikes are only allowed on designated roadways and designated bike lanes. However, e-bikes are not subject to any registration or insurance requirements. All of our listings are highly reviewed, as you will see for yourself! 47 § 1-104; tit. E-bikes are allowed on sidewalks, unless otherwise stated. 31-5-702, W.S. E-bikes are not allowed on sidewalks. Code Trans. Notice: It seems you have Javascript disabled in your Browser. The law says that people who ride bikes must ride as close to the right side of the road as practicable except under the following conditions: when passing, preparing for a left turn, avoiding hazards, if the lane is too narrow to share, or if approaching a place where a right turn is authorized. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. E-bike riders must be at least 15 years of age. Equipment. Cent. At least 25 states and D.C. have some sort of helmet requirement for e-bike riders and passengers. Both vehicles must follow the same rules of the road. For further details on motorized vehicles that cannot be registered in New York, see the New York DMV website here: https://dmv.ny.gov/registration/motorized-devices-cannot-be-registered-new-york. An electric-assisted bicycle with pedals and a motor that can't go faster than 20 mph is considered a bicycle under state law; all relevant bicycle laws apply. Code. tit. tit. NO. Code § 9-13-2, 9-21-11-13.1, 14-8-2-185. Figure 1: Map: States that Define an Electric Bicycle, Three-Tiered E-Bike Classification System. 1, C.D. The minimum age requirement for e-bike riders is 16. These electric bikes are known as ‘electrically assisted pedal cycles’ (EAPCs). A bicycle equipped with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the bicycle, and that is not capable of providing assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour. 31-1-101, W.S. Trans. Rev. Gen. Laws ch. ILLINOIS E-BIKE LAW FOR THE ROAD In Illinois, an e-bike is defined as a “low-speed electric bicycle. 551.102. Some versions (e.g., if capab… For more information on Minnesota’s electric bike laws, click here: Minn. Stat. California, Georgia, Louisiana, New York, Ohio, Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia require the operator and all passengers of class three electric bicycles, regardless of age, to wear protective headgear. In Mississippi, there is no clear designation for an electric bicycle, but an attorney general opinion indicates that an electric bicycle would be considered a bicycle. e-bike. Stat. E-bikes are emissions-free, low impact and operate silently. Under the law, all bicycles, including e-bikes, are defined as vehicles subject to regulation for both equipment and operation. Most bicycles sold as e-bikes (or EAPCs - electrically assisted pedal bikes) are perfectly legal for use in the UK and are treated as ordinary push bikes. 31-5-203, W.S. We are the nation's most respected bipartisan organization providing states support, ideas, connections and a strong voice on Capitol Hill. Minnesota Statute 169.222, Subdivision 6(b) The driver of an electric-assisted bicycle must be at least 15 years old. The state of Delaware defines an electric bicycle as a “bicycle.” As long as the motor is under 750w, has a maximum speed of 20 mph, and has operable pedals, the electric bike falls into the bicycle category. Helmets are required for all persons who operate or ride as a passenger on a Class 3 electric bicycle. 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